Harissa is a popular North African hot chilli paste generally made from a mix of smoky, roasted red peppers, hot chilli peppers, garlic, spices such as coriander and caraway seeds and olive oil.
Worcestershire Sauce is a fermented liquid condiment created in 1837 by two English chemists. It is used in lots of home cooking, burgers, soups, stews and casseroles, principally because of its savoury flavours and as a source of umami. Specifically, Worcestershire Sauce is a principal ingredient in Welsh Rarebit, Caesar Dressing, and the Bloody Mary Cocktail.
Nam prik pao or Thai Chilli paste is made from roasted garlic, chillies, shallots and as with many Thai base recipes dried shrimp.
Granola is an increasingly popular breakfast cereal made from baked oats with honey and sugar.
Tomato concassé is the flesh from fresh tomatoes that have been peeled, de-seeded and chopped into a dice. It is a staple of many professional kitchens used in sauces such as Chasseur, omelettes, with olive oil, garlic, and basil as a topping for bruschetta and when added to Béarnaise sauce to make Choron sauce, served with fish and seafood.
An amuse-bouche or more correctly in France an amuse-gueule is literally translated as "mouth amuser".
Classic Espagnole sauce has a very strong taste and is seldom used directly, it serves as the starting point for many derivatives, of which there are hundreds in the classical French repertoire.
Ghee is a south Asian pure butterfat used for frying and flavouring similar to clarified butter.
Melba toast is completely dry, crisp, thinly sliced, toasted bread and most often served with soup or pâté. History has it that the name was given to the toast by the world’s most famous hotel manager César Ritz. Melba toast was created by his equally famous chef Auguste Escoffier for the Australian opera singer Dame Nellie Melba, around 1897.
Mirepoix, a trio of aromatic vegetables, became popular in 19thcentury French cooking.Mirepoix is a small, fine dice normally of onions, carrots, and celery roughly in the proportions 2:1:1. It is the base flavour of many classic sauces and stocks and slow-cooked casseroles and stews.
The original Tabasco sauce is a hot spicy condiment made only from Tabasco peppers, salt and vinegar. Originally both the peppers and salt came from Avery Island, Louisiana home of the manufacturer, the McIlhenny Company.
En papillote is the French for ‘ in parchment ‘ it describes a cooking technique where the food is baked in a folded baking paper or aluminium foil parcel.
Panko is a type of crisp Japanese breadcrumb made from an electrically baked white bread which is flaked rather than ground.
The distinctively coloured Paprika is ground from dried Capsicum peppers and is often smoked giving a rich, earthy flavour. Paprika ranges from the mild, sweet and smoky to quite hot and very pungent. Paprika is used in Spanish, where it is known as pimentón, as an ingredient in Chorizo, in North African and Indian cooking but is most famously identified with Hungarian goulash
Today's commercial manufactured gelatine is often made from pork bones so be careful of any dietary restrictions. As home cooks the most commonly available form of gelatine is sachets of dried powder or granules. Leaf gelatine is used by most commercial chefs because it generally results in a smooth, clearer consistency and comes in three quality grades bronze, silver, and gold.