Empire or Belgium biscuits are the rather patriotic names for a sandwich of two shortbread biscuits stuck together with ( raspberry ) jam and topped with icing and a cherry or a jelly tot sweet.
A Linzer Torte or Linzertorte is a tart made using a rich buttery sable pastry. It is made at Christmas across Austria, Hungary, Switzerland and across the USA.
An egg wash is usually a mix of beaten egg, egg and milk or egg and water brushed onto baked goods.
Cultivated Blackberries are a member of the ‘Rubus’ family like raspberries, tayberries, and loganberries. Blackberries are perennial shrubs that have a two-year lifecycle, fruiting in the second year. The soft fruit picked in summer and early autumn are rich in Vitamin C and contain relatively high amounts of dietary fibre. They are used in desserts, such as mousses and mixed with apples in pies and crumbles, in preserves such as seedless jams and to flavour sweets and drinks.
Brambles is the name given to wild varieties of blackberries that grow throughout the British Isles. Brambles are shrubs with tough with prickly thorns and fruit in late summer and early autumn, and collecting the fruit from roadsides, hedgerows and woodlands is very popular. You can make pies, crumbles, jams, wine and cider with the berries.
Clotted cream is a very thick cream made by heating full-fat cow’s milk in a Bain Marie, then leaving to slowly cool.
A bain-marie is a double boiler or water bath used to heat delicate egg-based sauces such as Hollandaise to help prevent the sauce from splitting due to too high a temperature and for melting chocolate. You can make one using a glass bowl over a pan of gently simmering water.