Tandoori masala is a mixture of spices traditionally used in Punjabi cooking, particularly with food cooked in a Tandoor oven. It is most famously used in Tandoori chicken, chicken tikka, and butter chicken.
Kaffir lime leaves are often used in Thai, Indonesian, Indian and Malaysian recipes to give a unique citrus flavour.
Galangal is a root commonly used in Asian cooking that looks similar to ginger, with a thinner skin. While Galangal looks very similar to ginger, it gives a distinct pepper and citrus flavour to Thai, Malaysian and Indonesian dishes.
Mustard is made from the seeds of various varieties of mustard plant which are black, brown or white. Mustard plants can be grown all year round, except in areas of extreme cold winters. The plants are fast growing, reaching up to three meters, with bright yellow flowers in the shape of a cross. Mustard seeds are used in cooking and preparing the popular condiment. Mustard seeds have a range of flavours from sweet to hot and pungent.
The distinctively coloured Paprika is ground from dried Capsicum peppers and is often smoked giving a rich, earthy flavour. Paprika ranges from the mild, sweet and smoky to quite hot and very pungent. Paprika is used in Spanish, where it is known as pimentón, as an ingredient in Chorizo, in North African and Indian cooking but is most famously identified with Hungarian goulash
Nam prik pao or Thai Chilli paste is made from roasted garlic, chillies, shallots and as with many Thai base recipes dried shrimp.
Cloves are a spice that come from the flower buds of a tree originally from Indonesia and are a common ingredient in savoury and sweet recipes in Asian, African and Middle Eastern cuisines.